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Phosphatidylserine: Pinpointing cognitive problems in the brain

2020-12-14 18:22:00 340

Cognitive Market

As the spirit of all things, human beings are far superior to other animals in having the most developed brain in the biological world. From the ancient times when human beings learned to use and make tools, to the splendid culture of the four ancient civilizations, to the changes of modern industrial revolution, and now we are experiencing the changes in the information age, behind the development of human social civilization is the externalization of human wisdom, which is based on the complex brain activities of human beings.

From the basic body function, to memory, language, reaction, sense of time and space, thinking and so on, brain activities support the normal development of people's daily work and learning.

For children and adolescents, according to the well-known cognitive development stage theory of Swedish cognitive expert Jean Piaget, adolescents are in the process of forming cognitive ability before the age of 16. However, the objective situation is that heavy academic burden and pressure of entering a higher school make children and adolescents at this stage bear the heaviest brain load in their life.

Like many other body organs, brain function is gradually aging with human age. So at what age will people's cognitive ability begin to enter the aging process? Dr. Timothy Salthouse is the director of the cognition and aging laboratory of the University of Virginia. He has served as a member of the scientific review committee of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the Planning Committee of the cognitive aging Summit for several times, and has participated in many cognitive assessment projects of National Institutes of health. In 2009, Dr. Timothy published his research results on cognitive aging in neurology aging. The result is that people's cognitive ability begins to deteriorate around the age of 30. This degradation will continue into old age.

As we get older, another more serious cognitive problem, dementia, will also emerge. According to the data provided by the World Health Organization in 2014, there are 47.5 million people over the age of 60 suffering from dementia in the world, of which more than 58% are from middle and low-income countries. The World Health Organization predicts that 7.7 million people will be infected with dementia every year. By 2030, 75.6 million living people over 60 years old will have dementia. In China, at present, the elderly over 65 years old account for 10.01% of the total population. Coupled with the huge population base, China's cognitive health problems will continue to heat up.